Be sure you have an HPV test along with your regular Pap smear. Thanks for signing up for our newsletter! As White House debates validity of climate report, local officials already at work. A study in mice suggests that it can — and considers an easy-to-take therapy that may help avoid the problem. If you test positive for a cancer-causing strain and have had anal sex, talk to your doctor about methods for detecting anal abnormalities before they turn cancerous. Indeed, estimates for the percentage of anal cancers as a result of infection with HPV ranges from 45 to 90 percent. And HPV, the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.
Although the exact cause of anal cancer is not known, the American Cancer Society reports that most anal cancers seem to be linked to HPV infection.
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Anal Pap smears are available, and though they're mostly used for gay men, women can have them too. However, condoms cannot give complete protection against HPV because the virus can infect areas that are not covered by a condom. Having unprotected sex, either anal or vaginally, raises your risk of becoming infected with HPV. By knowing some basic facts, people will be armed with knowledge and better equipped to be an advocate for taking steps to reduce their own cancer risk. By blocking the transmission of two common cancer-causing HPV strains, she says, the vaccine presumably protects against anal cancers, throat cancers, and oral cancers that are associated with HPV infections.